The Dunnottar Clinic @ Stonehaven Medical Centre
The Dunnottar Clinic @ Stonehaven Medical Centre

Meningitis B Vaccination

Meningitis B Vaccine

 

Meningococcal Disease

Meningococcal infection can cause meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord), septicaemia (blood poisoning) or both. It is the most common bacterial cause of meningitis in the UK. The bacteria, Neisseria meningitidis, normally lives in the back of the throat and nose and around 1 in 10 people carry the bacteria without having the disease. The bacteria is spread through sneezing, coughing and kissing.

There are several strains of Neisseria meningitidis-A, B, C, W135, Y and Z. Group A is responsible for the majority of infections in the ‘meningitis belt’ of Africa and until recently, meningococcal strains B and C were mainly responsible for the majority of infection in the UK. However, the advent of a vaccine against meningitis strain C has meant that Meningococcal group B is the culprit in 85-90% of cases.

Meningococcal infection can occur at any age, but around half of cases are in those under 5 years of age, particularly infants less than 1 year. The second main age group is between 15-19 years of age (around 1 in 4 teenagers carry the bacteria).

 

The Illness

Symptoms can develop within hours and can be non-specific. It is harder to identify the infection in babies.  The rash does not always occur. In children and adults symptoms can include:

  • sudden onset of a high fever
  • a severe headache
  • dislike of bright lights (photophobia)
  • vomiting
  • painful joints
  • fitting
  • drowsiness that can deteriorate into a coma

In babies there may also be:

  • high pitched moaning or whimpering
  • blank starring, inactivity, hard to wake up
  • poor feeding
  • neck retraction with arching of the back
  • pale and blotchy complexion

Septicaemia occurs if the bacteria enter the bloodstream. A characteristic rash develops and may start as a cluster of pinprick blood spots under the skin, spreading to form bruises under the skin. The rash can appear anywhere on the body. It can be distinguished from other rashes by the fact that it does not fade when pressed under the bottom of a glass (the tumbler test).

 

Treatment

The infection is treatable with antibiotics. Prompt treatment is essential as the bacteria spreads rapidly. Fatality occurs in about 10% of cases of meningitis and up to 50% of cases of septicaemia. Around 10% of survivors have a major disability as a consequence of the infection.

 

Prevention

Vaccination is now available against the common circulating strains of meningoccocus. At The Dunnottar Clinic, we offer the following vaccine.

  • New-Group B Meningitis Vaccine. From 2 months of age.

 

About The Meningococcal Group B Vaccine

The recently developed vaccine against meningococcus group B, which has now been approved by the Joint Committee on Vaccinations and Immunisations and is licensed for use in the UK.

The vaccine is effective against around 88% of the UK circulating strains of meningococcus group B and 78% of the European circulating strains.

 

Schedule

It can be given from 2 months of age as a three dose schedule. Each dose is separated by a minimum of one month.

From 6 months, it is given as a 2 dose schedule separated by a minimum of two month.

 

Administering with other Vaccines

Group B Meningitis Vaccines can be given at the same time as the following vaccines-

MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)

Varicella (Chickenpox)

Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis

Polio

Pneumococcal vaccine (conjugated)

 

If administering other vaccines at the same time, because of the increased risk of fever always consider giving paracetamol. The vaccines should be administered on different limbs.

 

For all other vaccines, as there is no data, the advice is avoid administering at the same time, and to leave a one week gap. 

 

Booster Doses

A further dose within 1-2 years will be required depending on age after the primary schedule. The duration of protection and further doses has not yet been determined.

 

It can be given at the same time as other childhood vaccines and the side effect profile is similar to other vaccines.

 

Group B Meningitis Vaccination is now available at The Dunnottar Clinic and costs £140 per dose.

 

Contact us

You can reach us on:

0345 337 1160

 

You can also use our contact form.

 

The Dunnottar Clinic @

Stonehaven Medical Centre
32 Robert Street

Stonehaven, Aberdeenshire

AB39 2EL

Meningitis B update - 

 

Meningitis B vaccination out with NHS immunisation schedule - See more detail in Our services section or contact us to enquire further.

 

______________________________________

 

AVAILABLE NOW

 

OGUK Offshore Medicals are now available

 

Contact us for more information

News

Useful links

Visit our practice NHS website

 

www.stonehavenmedicalgroup.scot.nhs.uk

 

Dunnottar Clinic in social networks

Print Print | Sitemap
© Dunnottar Clinic